Moscow State Institute of International Relations

B.A. in Government and International Affairs
School of Government and International Affairs

Alexander Shishkin Department of Philosophy

The Basics of Philosophy (Philosophy)

Section 1. The Subject of Philosophy and the Character of Philosophical Knowledge.

       Topic 1. The Subject of Philosophy and the Character of Philosophical Knowledge.


Section 2. Cosmocentric and Anthropocentric Philosophy: Classical Greek and Roman Philosophy.

       Topic 2.1. From Thales to Zeno: Early Greek Philosophy of Nature.

       Topic 2.2. Ancient Atomism: Substantiation of Materialism.

       Topic 2.3. Plato: Substantiation of Idealism.

       Topic 2.4. Aristotle: The Structure of Reality and the Structure of Knowledge.

       Topic 2.5. Epicureans and Stoics: Philosophy as the Art of Living.

       Topic 2.6. Ancient Skepticism.


Section 3. Theocentric Philosophy: Western Medieval Philosophy.

       Topic 3.1. God, Man, and History: Patristic Philosophy.

       Topic 3.2. God, Nature, and Reason: Scholastic Philosophy.


Section 4. Epistemocentric Philosophy: Modern European Philosophy.

       Topic 4.1. Francis Bacon: Substantiation of Empiricism.

       Topic 4.2. René Descartes and Benedict Spinoza: Substantiation of Rationalism.

       Topic 4.3. John Locke and Gottfried Leibniz: Ontological Foundations and the Nature of Human Understanding.

       Topic 4.4. George Berkeley and David Hume: Idealism Ontological and Epistemological.


Section 5. The Origin of Sociocentric Philosophy: Classical German Idealism.

       Topic 5.1. Kants Theory of Knowledge.

       Topic 5.2. Kants Moral Philosophy.

       Topic 5.3. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: Absolute Idealism.


Section 6. National Philosophy as Cultures Self-Understanding: The Russian Philosophy of the 19th and 20th Centuries.

       Topic 6.1. Westernizers, Slavophiles, and Eurasianists: Search for Cultural Identity.

       Topic 6.2. Vladimir Solovyov: Philosophy of Absolute Unity.