Moscow State Institute of International Relations
(MGIMO-University)

B.A. in Government and International Affairs
School of Government and International Affairs

Alexander Shishkin Department of Philosophy

Philosophy
Tasks and Questions of Quiz 3
(covering lectures 11 to 17 and tutorialsí topics 4.1 to 5.3)

Compiled by Nikolai Biryukov

2021/22 School Year

1. Quiz on Mandatory Readings

Texts included:

      Plato. Meno.

      Aristotle. The Metaphysics. Ė Book 1.

      Epicurus. Letter to Menoeceus.

      Bacon Francis. Novum Organum. Ė Book I, Aphorisms I‑LXX.

      Descartes René. Meditations on First Philosophy.

      Berkeley George, Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous. Ė The First Dialogue.

 

2. Define ...

a posteriori proposition

a priori proposition

alienation

analytic proposition

antinomy

apperception

attribute

deduction

dialectic

dualism

empiricism

experience

induction

law (as an epistemological concept)

monism

nativism

noumenon

objective idealism

occasionalism

pantheism

paralogism

phenomenon

pluralism

primary qualities

rationalism

secondary qualities

sensualism (in epistemology)

social classes

socioeconomic formation

solipsism

subjective idealism

substance

synthetic proposition

tabula rasa

the ascent from the abstract to the concrete

transcendent

transcendental

transcendental unity of apperception

 

3. Questions:

       In the framework of which epistemological tradition, empiricism or rationalism, was the doctrine of occasionalism developed?

       In the framework of which epistemological tradition, empiricism or rationalism, was the theory of subjective idealism developed?

       To what substance did Benedict Spinoza attribute extension?

       To what substance did Benedict Spinoza attribute intelligence?

       To what substance did René Descartes attribute extension?

       To what substance did René Descartes attribute intelligence?

       Was colour a primary or a secondary quality according to John Locke?

       Was extension a primary or a secondary quality according to John Locke?

       Was solidity a primary or a secondary quality according to John Locke?

       Was sound a primary or a secondary quality according to John Locke?

       Were a posteriori propositions analytic or synthetic according to Immanuel Kant?

       Were a priori propositions in mathematics analytic or synthetic according to Immanuel Kant?

       Were apodeictic propositions a priori or a posteriori according to Immanuel Kant?

       Were the principles of pure understanding a priori or a posteriori according to Immanuel Kant?

       Were the principles of pure understanding analytic or synthetic according to Immanuel Kant?

       What was the principal attribute of matter according to René Descartes?

       What was the principal attribute of mind according to René Descartes?

       Which epistemological theory sees clarity and distinctiveness of thinking as the criterion of truth?

       Which epistemological theory sees experience as the criterion of truth?

       Which epistemological theory, empiricism or rationalism, denied innate knowledge?

       Which epistemological theory, empiricism or rationalism, did Benedict Spinoza advocate?

       Which epistemological theory, empiricism or rationalism, did David Hume advocate?

       Which epistemological theory, empiricism or rationalism, did George Berkeley advocate?

       Which epistemological theory, empiricism or rationalism, did Gottfried Leibniz advocate?

       Which epistemological theory, empiricism or rationalism, did John Locke advocate?

       Which epistemological theory, empiricism or rationalism, is summarised in the maxim: ďThere is nothing in the mind that was not earlier in the senses, except mind itselfĒ?

       Which epistemological theory, empiricism or rationalism, is summarised in the maxim: ďThere is nothing in the mind that was not earlier in the sensesĒ?

       Which ontological theory, monism or dualism, did Benedict Spinoza advocate?

       Which ontological theory, monism or dualism, did René Descartes advocate?

       Which part of Kantís theoretical philosophy, transcendental aesthetic, transcendental analytic, or transcendental dialectic, denies the possibility to scientifically ascertain the existence of God?

       Which part of Kantís theoretical philosophy, transcendental aesthetic, transcendental analytic, or transcendental dialectic, denies the possibility to scientifically ascertain the immortality of soul?

       Which part of Kantís theoretical philosophy, transcendental aesthetic, transcendental analytic, or transcendental dialectic, denies the scientific character of metaphysics?

       Which part of Kantís theoretical philosophy, transcendental aesthetic, transcendental analytic, or transcendental dialectic, establishes the a priori character of categories?

       Which part of Kantís theoretical philosophy, transcendental aesthetic, transcendental analytic, or transcendental dialectic, establishes the a priori character of space?

       Which part of Kantís theoretical philosophy, transcendental aesthetic, transcendental analytic, or transcendental dialectic, establishes the a priori character of time?

       Which part of Kantís theoretical philosophy, transcendental aesthetic, transcendental analytic, or transcendental dialectic, establishes the scientific character of arithmetic?

       Which part of Kantís theoretical philosophy, transcendental aesthetic, transcendental analytic, or transcendental dialectic, treats of the antinomies of pure reason?

       Which part of Kantís theoretical philosophy, transcendental aesthetic, transcendental analytic, or transcendental dialectic, treats of the ideal of pure reason?

       Which part of Kantís theoretical philosophy, transcendental aesthetic, transcendental analytic, or transcendental dialectic, treats of the principles of pure understanding?

       Which philosophical theory, materialism or idealism, did David Hume advocate?

       Which philosophical theory, materialism or idealism, did George Berkeley advocate?