Moscow State Institute of International Relations
(MGIMO-University)

B.A. in Government and International Affairs
School of Government and International Affairs

Alexander Shishkin Department of Philosophy

Philosophy
Tasks and Questions of Quiz 1
(covering lectures 1 to 4 and tutorials’ topics 1 to 2.3)

Compiled by Nikolai Biryukov

2021/22 School Year

1. Schools and personalities

To what school of philosophy did Anaximander belong?

To what school of philosophy did Anaximenes belong?

To what school of philosophy did Democritus belong?

To what school of philosophy did Leucippus belong?

To what school of philosophy did Parmenides belong?

To what school of philosophy did Thales belong?

What was Anaximander’s birthplace?

What was Anaximenes’ birthplace?

What was Heracleitus’ birthplace?

What was Parmenides’ birthplace?

What was Plato’s birthplace?

What was Thales’ birthplace?

What was the principle of all things according to Anaximander?

What was the principle of all things according to Anaximenes?

What was the principle of all things according to Heracleitus?

What was the principle of all things according to Thales?

What was the principle of all things according to the Pythagoreans?

Which ancient philosopher believed air to be the principle of all things?

Which ancient philosopher believed apeiron to be the principle of all things?

Which ancient philosopher believed fire to be the principle of all things?

Which ancient philosopher believed water to be the principle of all things?

Which Roman poet espoused the teachings of ancient atomism?

Who was the author of the maxim: “One cannot step twice into the same river”?

Who was the founder of the Atomistic School of philosophy?

Who was the founder of the Eleatic School of philosophy?

Who was the founder of the Milesian School of philosophy?

 

2. Define ...

apeiron

aporia

arché

atom

atomism

axiology

cognition

determinism

dichotomy

eidos

epistemology

ethics

fact

hypostatisation

idealism

ideology

knowledge

logos

materialism

metaphysics

ontology

philosophy

reflection

science

theory

truth

universal

 

3. The paradoxes of the Eleatic school.

Expound Parmenides’ argument that Non-Being is not and cannot be.

Expound Parmenides’ argument that the Being is eternal and unchanging.

Expound Parmenides’ argument that the Being is one and indivisible.

Expound Parmenides’ argument that thought and its subject are the same.

Expound Zeno’s paradox of Achilles.

Expound Zeno’s paradox of addition.

Expound Zeno’s paradox of countability.

Expound Zeno’s paradox of dichotomy.

Expound Zeno’s paradox of divisibility.

Expound Zeno’s paradox of place.

Expound Zeno’s paradox of the flying arrow.

Expound Zeno’s paradox of the stadium.