Moscow State Institute of International Relations
(MGIMO-University)

B.A. in Government and International Affairs
School of Government and International Affairs

Alexander Shishkin Department of Philosophy

Logic

Examination Tickets
2022/23 School Year

Ticket 1.

1.     The subject and laws of logic.

2.     Inference as a form of thought.

 

Ticket 2.

1.     Concept as a form of thought.

2.     Kinds of inferences.

 

Ticket 3.

1.     Intensions and extensions of concepts.

2.     Obversion.

 

Ticket 4.

1.     Logical relations between concepts.

2.     Immediate inferences based on transformations of categorical propositions.

 

Ticket 5.

1.     The kinds of concepts.

2.     The first figure of categorical syllogism.

 

Ticket 6.

1.     Logical definition.

2.     The second figure of categorical syllogism.

 

Ticket 7.

1.     Logical division (classification).

2.     The third figure of categorical syllogism.

 

Ticket 8.

1.     Proposition as a form of thought.

2.     The fourth figure of categorical syllogism.

 

Ticket 9.

1.     The kinds of propositions.

2.     Hypothetical syllogisms.

 

Ticket 10.

1.     The classes of categorical propositions and logical relations between concepts.

2.     Sorites and epicheiremata.

 

Ticket 11.

1.     Logical relations between propositions.

2.     Disjunctive syllogisms.

 

Ticket 12.

1.     The square of opposition (logical square).

2.     Disjunctive hypotheticals.

 

Ticket 13.

1.     Hypothetical and disjunctive propositions.

2.     Truncated syllogisms (enthymemes).

 

Ticket 14.

1.     Alethic modality. The hexagon of opposition.

2.     Polysyllogisms.

 

Ticket 15.

1.     The concept and rule of distribution.

2.     Figures and moods of categorical syllogism.

 

Ticket 16.

1.     The functions and structure of argumentation.

2.     The axiom and rules of categorical syllogism.

 

Ticket 17.

1.     Formal and informal fallacies in argumentation.

2.     The concept and structure of categorical syllogism.

 

Ticket 18.

1.     Necessary and sufficient conditions.

2.     Refutation.

 

Ticket 19.

1.     Conversion.

2.     Modus ponens.

 

Ticket 20.

1.     Logical operations on concepts: generalisation and specialisation.

2.     Modus tollens.

 

Ticket 21.

1.     Obverted contraposition.

2.     Modus ponendo tollens.

 

Ticket 22.

1.     Contraposition to subject.

2.     Modus tollendo ponens.

 

Ticket 23.

1.     Contraposition to predicate.

2.     Logical biconditional.

 

Ticket 24.

1.     Valid and sound arguments.

2.     Inferences based on logical relations between propositions